Covid-19大流行亮點需要普遍獲得安全的水和衛生設施


簡而言之…
The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated the need for universal access to safely managed drinking water, sanitation, and hygiene. Acutely aware of a lack of progress toward achieving the 17 United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) pre-pandemic, and new impediments resulting from the pandemic, innovative projects around the globe can help inspire further actions needed to achieve these goals by 2030.

一個安全的水項目美洲的水工程師在Yamaranguia,洪都拉斯包括當地居民的幫助構建飲用水氯化罐。照片禮貌安德魯羅伯遜,威爾達

One of the most consequential aspects of the UN’s 2030 Agenda,“a plan of action for people, planet and prosperity,”SDG#6., the achievement of universal safely managed drinking water and sanitation by 2030. Access to safe water and sanitation has profound consequences on people’s lives, helping to meet related goals, such as “No Poverty” (SDG#1), “Good Health and Well-being” (SDG#3), “Quality Education” (SDG#4), “Gender Equality” (SDG#5),“體麵的工作,經濟增長”(SDG#8)和“可持續城市和社區(SDG#11). Given the current COVID-19 pandemic, where does the world stand with respect to achieving globally available safe water and sanitation?

回到軌道

17個SDG中的每一個都與幾個更詳細的目標相關聯。原始的是世界was not on track to meet most of the SDG targets在大流行開始之前。根據a reporton a January 2020 UN-Water meeting, the Chair of the Expert Group on the 2030 Agenda, “noted that most SDG targets are off track and highlighted that action during the next few years will be critical to the 2030 Agenda’s success.” In the months following that meeting, global public health was assaulted by a quickly spreading, novel coronavirus. AWorld Bank analysisCovid-19流行病的經濟影響結束了這一活動可能會在2020年推動71億人進入極端貧困。這一代表全球貧困的增加大約10%,不幸的是,從那時起20世紀90年代中期(見下圖)。根據世界銀行,它將代表“自1998年以來全球極端貧困的第一次增加,從2017年以來就有有效地消除了進展。”

黯淡的實現前大流行,取得了足夠的進展,實現了17個SDGS催化了可持續發展的“行動十年”(2020-2030)。以前,聯合國也宣布了一個Water Action Decade (2018-2028), reinforcing the significance of SDG #6 in achieving so much of the 2030 Agenda.

The Role of Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene

The pandemic has intensified the need around the world for safely managed drinking water, sanitation, and hygiene. As theUN webpage on SDG #6notes, “Availability and access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) services is fundamental to fighting the virus and preserving the health and well-being of millions.” Hand hygiene, in particular, is critical in the fight against the spread of COVID-19, yet, asthe World Bank Group reports,世界上78億人,30億(38%)缺乏清潔水和肥皂。特別是,全球47%的學校缺乏水和肥皂的洗手設施,公共衛生責任為約9億學齡兒童。此外,在16%的醫療保健設施中,患者接受護理或使用廁所的地區沒有洗手設施。世界銀行支持全球社區的幾個項目,這將提高對洗手的重要性,同時越來越多地進入洗手設施(固定和便攜),肥皂或基於酒精的手摩擦,以及可靠的供水。

全球加速框架

To help highlight actions and projects that will propel us closer to achieving the SDGs, the UN launched a Global Acceleration Framework at the July可持續發展高級別政治論壇。截至10月21日,已記錄超過5,200項加速度操作,70 of whichwill help achieve SDG #6. One recent action uploaded, for example, describes a項目由水工程師為美洲(Wefta)和世界願景開展with a $10,000 grant from the Chlorine Chemistry Foundation, a 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organization established by the American Chemistry Council. The project will, by 2022, provide safe, chlorinated drinking water to over 2,000 people in five rural communities in Honduras on a sustained basis. Residents are required to contribute funding and, according to the uploaded text, “perform the vast majority of the construction labor; in so doing, they learn how the water system works and how to fix it when something goes wrong. This hands-on learning is essential to ensuring the project is properly maintained in the future and will thereby be sustainable for years to come.” As we know, good water quality is essential for healthful drinking, cooking, washing, bathing, and effective handwashing, especially as household members strive to avoid COVID-19 and other infectious illnesses.

銳化我們的焦點

鑒於我們的高科技世界,很難理解,仍有22億人口,占全球人口的28%,用於獲得安全和豐富的飲用水是一個未實現的夢想。甚至更多,42億人(54%),缺乏安全管理衛生服務。自從此取得令人印象深刻的進展Millennium Development Goals首先在20世紀90年代末推出,但許多采用典型工程解決方案完成的洗滌項目,“低懸果,”已經完成,留下了更複雜的項目要解決。滿足我們的洗滌球的挑戰會使我們越近我們完成它們的困難,特別是麵對大流行。通過這一概述,我們祝賀世界銀行,威爾達,世界願景和許多其他專門的安全水合作夥伴,以加速SDG#6的成就和這樣做的重要目標。大流行僅幫助讓必要達到更尖銳的焦點來實現這些目標。

Joan B. Rose,Phd,是荷馬在密歇根州立大學水資源研究中的荷馬椅,是水質與衛生委員會的成員。BOB体育投注官网苹果Heather Murphy,Phd,Peng,2019年初加入WQ&HC,帶來了超過15年的水,衛生和衛生的國際經驗。她是安大略省獸醫學院的副教授,位於加拿大圭爾夫大學,寺院大學公共衛生學院的兼職助理研究教授。

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