促進食物安全提示


I enjoy cooking, and I have several dog-eared cookbooks and food-stained index cards featuring the recipes for many of my family’s favorite dishes. I also enjoy trying out recipes I find in magazines, newspapers, or online. Recipes are an indispensable tool for cooks, helping us perform the “kitchen chemistry” that transforms ingredients into delicious, “table-ready” meals. But implicit in most recipes is the notion that cooks know how to handle raw products, including produce, poultry, fish, and meat, safely. Based on data on foodborne illness outbreaks from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), some of us may not actually be that savvy about food safety.

CDC報告that in 2016, there were 76 reported foodborne illness outbreaks from foods cooked in U.S. homes. This represents approximately 10% of all reported foodborne outbreaks for that year. So, while cooks can get the kitchen chemistry right by following recipes carefully, we could be coming up short in taking the steps needed to help ensure our foods are free of pathogens, such as沙門氏菌大腸杆菌, 和Listeria.細菌。

食品安全比較研究

一種簡單的解決廚房表麵的解決方案

一加侖水中一湯匙常規的漂白劑是一種非常有效的食物接觸表麵表麵消毒劑。首先清潔食物碎片表麵,使用肥皂水,然後塗抹漂白溶液,使空氣幹燥。

幾年前,來自堪薩斯州和田納西州立大學的食品科學家們闡述了食品安全提醒的添加在食譜中可能導致食品安全改善行為在家庭廚房裏。研究人員設計了一個comparison study兩組誌願者,其中邀請每組隨機分配的個人根據提供的食譜準備兩種餐具。所需成分和供應的成分包括未加工的雞胸,地麵原始火雞和生雞蛋。

155名參與者中的每一個都被提供成分,烹飪工具和時間在測試廚房中定位。兩組之間的唯一差異是,在包含73人的“測試組”中的個人被給予了包含食品安全說明的食譜,以強調洗手和溫度計使用(有關如何使用溫度計的基本說明)。“對照組”的82名成員得到相同的食譜,但在典型的配方風格中格式化,其中沒有食物安全說明。所有參與者都被觀察到一次每次準備一個食物。觀察到的食品安全行為,如洗手和溫度計使用,並通過被稱為參與者的“助手”記錄,以便在需要提供援助時在尋找廚房中的物品時提供援助。

研究結果包括:

  • 獲得了包含食品安全指令的食譜的參與者表現出比參與者的更好的食品安全行為,其食譜缺乏食品安全說明。
    • 在烹飪前和處理原始家禽產品之前洗手的參與者的比例在提供食品安全說明書的食譜中顯著高得多。
    • 參與者給予包括食品安全說明的食譜明顯可能使用溫度計來檢查烹飪溫度。此外,這些參與者提供了食品安全說明書的食譜更準確地插入食品中以檢查烹飪溫度。
  • There was no significant difference between the two groups in the degree to which they said they liked the recipes they were given.

食譜作家的風格指南

鑒於嵌入食物安全信息以食譜的證據有助於促進安全的食品實踐,消費者食品安全教育的夥伴關係recently released a安全配方樣式指南“為任何食譜提供簡單的編輯以改善食品安全實踐。”在3月7日新聞稿,小組解釋說:“安全配方樣式指南is designed for use by any recipe writer – professional recipe developers and food journalists – who writes and publicizes recipes for distribution to the public. It provides specific, concise recipe text to address the four major areas of most food safety violations in home kitchens: temperature, handwashing, cross contamination and produce handling.” A sample recipe from the夥伴關係網站“哈密瓜西班牙涼菜湯”出現在the text box below. Food safety directions are color coded to be distinct from traditional recipe preparation steps.

我們讚揚夥伴關係為其通過食譜促進食品安全的重要貢獻,我們鼓勵食譜作家,特別是那些將家庭食譜的人們推向下一代廚師,以使用安全的配方風格指南鼓勵安全的食品實踐。

Bon appetit!

Linda F. Golodner是全國消費者聯盟和水質衛生委員會副主席的總統傑克斯BOB体育投注官网苹果

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